Nudge Deutsch Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)
Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für nudge im Online-Wörterbuch orthodoxia.co (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für nudge im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'nudge' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "nudge" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Nudge (engl. für Stups oder Schubs, hier im Sinne von Denkanstoß) ist ein Begriff der Verhaltensökonomik, der durch den Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Richard Thaler und den Rechtswissenschaftler Cass Sunstein und deren Buch Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness (deutsch.
Individuals trying to protect their savings may be helping to nudge the country towards the very collapse they fear. Times, Sunday Times (). Its nudges and. Übersetzung für 'nudge' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'nudge' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Wenn Sie die Vokabeln in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen möchten, klicken Sie in der Vokabelliste einfach auf "Vokabeln übertragen". Übersetzung Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme new Documents. Januar ]. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen Ewers u. JanuarS. Ein Beste Spielothek in Pratztrum finden Beispiel sind Wahlen, also die Aufforderung, Spielen Karte zu gehen, oder auch das Zahlen von Steuern. Nomen nudge Verb. Aus diesem Grund sollten sie ihre Ziele offenlegen, um besser an das Ziel zu gelangen durch eine Wette mit Freunden und Bekannten.
Without such expectations, my rating might have been higher. But at the same time, without such expectations, I might not have bothered to read the book at all.
The only interesting part of the book is the first part, which consists of the first five As an economist, Nudge was a book that I desperately wanted to like.
The only interesting part of the book is the first part, which consists of the first five chapters. Here, the authors lay out the main premise of the book.
The decisions humans make are affected by "nudges. The clearest example of a nudge is a default.
When you register online at a site, you are often asked, "Would you like to receive future emails? The default matters; that is, different results emerge under different defaults.
The main point of the book is that nudges matter and thus should be carefully designed. The rest of the book presents a laundry list of policies to which we should apply this principle.
For me, this got boring fast. For some reason, the authors seem to be obsessed with identifying every possible nudge and offering their nudge design suggestions.
The end of the paperback version of the book became really ridiculous - a bonus chapter of twenty more nudges. I think that the hardcover version is saved from this madness, because the bonus chapter was added after the publication of the hardcover version.
Many may find Nudge overly political. The authors weigh in on what they believe to be good nudges on a large number of hot political issues such as Medicare and same-sex marriage.
I personally didn't mind their political stances as much as I minded the lack of economics. The book is also poorly written.
I felt that the publishers gave the authors complete free reign since the authors were well-regarded academics, and obviously academics don't need editors.
One problem with the writing was the lack of a targeted audience. The book is supposed to be targeted towards a mass audience; or at least, that is the target of the book's marketing efforts.
It is not a textbook or standard teaching material targeted towards undergraduate economics majors.
It is also not a serious academic discourse targeted towards other economists. And yet, although it's supposed to be targeted towards the layman, the writing is oftentimes confused about its audience.
Additionally, I didn't care for the writing style. While I do enjoy a casual and conversational tone, this book suffered from unnecessary tangential remarks that detracted from the main point.
All of the writing issues in this book could have been easily rectified with a good editor. I don't fault the authors as much as I do the publishers for that oversight.
I weakly recommend Part I of Nudge to the intellectually curious layman. The rest of the book I recommend only to those want to read a laundry list of political suggestions.
Nov 19, Lobstergirl rated it it was ok Shelves: economics , got-rid-of. Libertarians are always annoying, and these two are no exception.
An example of libertarian paternalism of which t Libertarians are always annoying, and these two are no exception.
An example of libertarian paternalism of which they approve is requiring fast food restaurants to list calorie counts.
More information to help you decide what to eat is good, they think, but banning high calorie menu items outright would constrict freedom, thus bad.
The way choices are presented to you is called "choice architecture. Bush's new entitlement for prescription drugs for seniors, Medicare Part D.
There was an enormous number of plans, no good way to compare their various elements to see which plan would work best for you, and if you were unable to decide on a plan, one was selected at random for you.
Not just seniors, but their doctors, pharmacists, and experts drafted by the authors found the "choice architecture" for Medicare Part D incredibly confusing, and picking out a plan took hours even for experts and economists.
Another example of horrible choice architecture, or choice design, would be Palm Beach County, Florida's infamous butterfly ballot in the presidential election.
Many voters couldn't tell which punch hole was designated for which candidate, and as a result voted for a candidate they had not intended to.
The authors discuss nudges and choice architecture in the contexts of investing, health insurance, organ donation, school choice, privatizing marriage, and other areas.
The most compelling chapter for me was on Medicare Part D, because I'm kind of a health insurance nerd. Weaker chapters were on school choice the authors uncritically accept the notion that vouchers are good and on medical malpractice insurance.
On the latter: they argue that the price of health insurance contains the cost of malpractice lawsuits, and therefore if a buyer of health insurance could waive filing such suits, their health insurance premium would be cheaper, and doctors and hospitals would also be able to charge them less.
They claim that malpractice lawsuits increase medical costs by 5 to 9 per cent. First, who knows if that hazy range of numbers is accurate.
Although tort reform is of course lovingly put forward by Republicans every time the issue of healthcare costs arises, the consensus among non-Republicans is that malpractice litigation costs are a tiny percentage of overall costs and not worth addressing.
What bugs me more about this chapter is that the authors never bother to ask, or to address: just because the cost of lawsuits might vanish from their bottom line, why do we automatically believe that doctors and hospitals would charge a patient less, rather than take the savings as increased profit?
How would having two types of health insurance policies, one where you could sue your doctor and one where you couldn't, affect the doctors themselves?
Would doctors take patients from each category, or would they restrict their practices only to patients who had agreed not to sue them?
If the former, would they charge different prices to the patients according to whether or not they might sue?
In other words, this is interesting theoretically, but how would it work in practice? The authors don't care, because they are mostly interested in these clever theoretical notions.
The chapter on privatizing Social Security was another instance of mental masturbation. It looked at the system in Sweden, where accounts had been privatized, to see how the choice architecture had affected the way beneficiaries designed their investment plans.
Yet the authors don't question whether privatizing Social Security is a good idea or a terrible idea even though the paperback edition of the book went to press after the giant stock market crash of and the book contains a postscript discussing some aspects of the crash that could have been avoided with proper nudges.
They merely advise that although George W. Bush's yearning to privatize never went anywhere, "some version of this proposal is likely to be considered again before long".
Well, the crash of killed all thoughts of Social Security privatization, at least until we become idiots again. Obviously, when countries and economies are run by idiots, all bets are off.
They wrap up the book with ideas presented to them, via their website, for other "nudges. View all 7 comments. This is a terrific book.
The authors cover terrain which has been explored recently in a whole slew of books: loosely speaking, why we humans persistently engage in behavior patterns which do not benefit us in the long term.
Their own research, at the University of Chicago, builds upon the work of Tversky and Kahneman in behavioral economics very much in vogue this past few years.
In the book, they provide a funny, engaging, remarkably clear exposition of the various factors which lead us to m This is a terrific book.
In the book, they provide a funny, engaging, remarkably clear exposition of the various factors which lead us to make poor decisions.
This alone would make it worth reading. I second-guessed my purchase of Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein's Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness, almost the minute I received my Amazon e-mail receipt -- I had already read Malcom Gladwell's Blink, and heard about the literary disaster that is Sway, and yet there I was, reading Nudge's introduction about the arrangement of cafeteria food.
I'm glad I did. While Thaler and Sunstein are happy to revel in the small ways that their insights into "choice architecture" I second-guessed my purchase of Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein's Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness, almost the minute I received my Amazon e-mail receipt -- I had already read Malcom Gladwell's Blink, and heard about the literary disaster that is Sway, and yet there I was, reading Nudge's introduction about the arrangement of cafeteria food.
While Thaler and Sunstein are happy to revel in the small ways that their insights into "choice architecture" can lead to better or worse choices, they also lay out their political principles and detail their impact on current policy debates e.
To top it all off, they begin the book with a treatment of our cognitive failings, distinguishing between our automatic and reflective processing systems what's not to love!
So what is choice architecture? Well, are you choosing out of ten choices, or ? Are you automatically enrolled in one choice or another if you don't make an active decision?
How is that default set? How is information presented to you to about the available choices? All of these questions speak to choice architecture -- in other words, the arrangement and organization of choices -- which has a nasty habit of leading individuals to choices that they themselves would not find optimal see don't be bob bias, the mind and morality.
Furthermore, "choice architecture, both good and bad, is pervasive and unavoidable. Ignoring choice architecture won't make it go away, it will only make it more likely that the choices favored by choice architecture are more likely to be poor.
If you stick with the current default, many who would otherwise enjoy being enrolled will not do so because of the choice architecture.
Thaler and Sunstein recommend acknowledging the importance of choice architecture and deliberately deciding on its design.
Thaler and Sunstein aren't interested in helping individuals pick out their dry cleaners; as the authors note, if a dry cleaner performs poorly, it is fairly easy for individuals to make a better decision the next team.
Rather, "people are most likely to need nudges for decision that are difficult, complex, and infrequent, and when they have poor feedback and few opportunities for learning.
Thaler and Sunstein don't advocate for eliminating choices because of these problems. On the contrary, their final chapter points to the infamous "third way" -- separate from both the command-and-control left and the single-minded 'choice' monkeys of the libertarian right.
There needn't be a war between 'no choice' and 'unlimited choice. Like myself, they side with the libertarians when it comes to the importance of choice, and side with the left when it comes to the failure of 'choice' to solve all problems.
Choice is important. Coercion isn't necessary. Focus on the choice architecture. Oh, and I have to add. As someone who has long supported responding to the gay marriage debate by taking government out of the marriage business perhaps keeping a civil union or partnership business and leaving it to independent churches, I was very happy to see Thaler and Sunstein put forth such an argument in Nudge.
Whether you are on the left or right, worth a read! Taken from my post It would be unfair to label Nudge as 'one of those pop-psychology books' as a.
I frown on pop psychology and rate Nudge higher, and b. I'm trying not to generalise. What I'm trying to say is Nudge fits into the same category as other insightful books such as Gladwell's Blink, or the recent Redirect [[ASIN Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking]] [[ASIN Redirect: The Surprising New Science of Psychological Change]] Beginning with a non-partisan disclaimer Nudge explores the concept of choice architecture: essentially controlling the environment in which people make choices to encourage well-being without directly controlling peoples choice.
Like most insightful type books, Nudge occasionally errs from actually discussing Nudge's and becoming the author's expression of 'how things should be in the world' but is an enjoyable and balanced read nonetheless.
Highlights include The author's discussion of the affects of medical liability insurance, and the privatisation of marriage, but issues from environmentalism and eating peanuts at a party are also included.
Much recommended for anyone wanting to think about politics and interventions a little differently. Thaler and Cass R. Sunstein I love reading book.
But the most important characteristic I admire and love about a book, is its ability to make something simple and understandable. Nudge is one book that fails to qualify the last criteria.
I presumed that this book was in relation to how we think, how the mind works and connect that to either the economy or money - More like Steven D.
Now, these are what I felt the authors tried to do: 1 Cover a lot of ground without being deep. By the time I reached the book half way, from loving the book, I began hating the book.
I honestly could not bear to read it. And then I struggled to complete it. Predominately, it was the Political theories they had in place that totally put me off.
Overall Summary A confusing book that miscommunicates to the read what the book is about. The Authors tried to be everything to everyone and ended up being nothing to no one.
In my opinion, I feel there are two books here and the Authors need to divide these two books, make them two separate titles and sell them to two different audience groups.
Otherwise, they will end up having more people give negative feedback to this book than positive. Change is hard, yet there are things that can make it easier — or more difficult.
I don't buy potato chips, as I can't just eat just one and a quart of ice cream sitting quietly in my freezer is not quiet and, instead, seems to scream my name.
There are also things that we can do at the institutional or governmental level to facilitate good decision-making. Absence of intentional influence is not the same as no influence.
Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth, and Happiness was written b Change is hard, yet there are things that can make it easier — or more difficult.
Both come from the school of thought, behavioral economics, which believes that we are not Econs rational beings slavishly following economic principles , but Humans.
We Humans are often misled by cognitive and perceptual biases, overconfident about our abilities most of us believe ourselves above average , and loss averse in irrational ways.
Fundamentally, we are not Computers, but irrational beings. We are also beings faced with making many very difficult decisions: choosing health insurance plans, saving energy and the planet , eating in health-promoting ways, investing wisely, and choosing a home mortgage are among the choices discussed in Nudge.
Thaler and Sunstein describe themselves as libertarian paternalists. Nudges are helpful, but Thaler and Sunstein believe we should be allowed to ignore nudges.
Better governance requires less in the way of government coercion and constraint, and more in the way of freedom to choose. If incentives and nudges replace requirements and bans, government will be both smaller and more modest.
So, to be clear: we are not for bigger government, just for better governance. Rather than making me make my retirement choice at random — should I contribute more to stocks or mutual funds?
When my employer annually asks me what charities I would like to automatically donate to, why not repopulate these fields with last year's choices my employer leaves these blank?
I could still change my charities or amounts donated. Why not tell my parents which prescription drug plan would be best for them based on their current medications, expected future health, and willingness to accept risk?
Why not tell college students that they tend to overestimate the amount that other students drink, thus drinking more themselves? Although I was curious about the various kinds of nudges that Thaler and Sunstein would prescribe, I was also interested in their descriptions of politics, especially as I have been confused and dismayed by our present administration and why they attracted any votes.
I haven't found Jonathon Haidt's books on political values terribly convincing or helpful. Thaler and Sunstein helped: Democratic Party has shown a great deal of enthusiasm for rigid national requirements and for command-and-control regulation.
Having identified serious problems in the private market, Democrats have often insisted on firm mandates, typically eliminating or at least reducing freedom of choice.
Republicans have responded that such mandates are often uninformed or counterproductive—and that in light of the sheer diversity of Americans, one size cannot possibly fit all.
Democrats put limits on pollution; increase taxes to support education, the arts, and anti-poverty programs; and support gun control and affirmative action.
Although Republicans want no part of the above — at least as Democrats frame solutions — Republicans focus on other types of control, more social as opposed to environmental e.
In other words, Thaler and Sunstein's delineation doesn't really hold up. In sum, though, Nudge was clear, interesting, and helpful. Time well used.
View all 3 comments. Although this is a tedious read. So, I feel obliged to upgrade this from a 4 to 5 star review with an asterisk The important takeaway of the book is that the environment home, work, school, the DMV etc.
Additionally, we should be crafting our environments to elicit the types of behaviors we would like to emit.
That sounds banal in that context, but when applied to other issues from organ donation, to saving for retirement, to recovery from addiction, the point is somewhat less obvi.
So without further ado. It took a while -it sat on my currently reading list for around 3 months before I finally caved to the guilt and finished the damn thing- but finish it I did.
Here's some reflections Traditional economic theory assumes that consumers are rational and self interested agents that make decisions based on the facts.
The findings of experimental behavioral economics paint a very different picture. But behavioral economics observes that real people nearly invariably prefer one to the other.
The authors of Nudge economist Richard Thaler and legal scholar Cass Sunstein posit that human decision making is divided between two cognitive systems; the "Reflective System" and the "Automatic System".
The Reflective System is deliberate and accurate but is slower to become involved in the decision process.
The Automatic System is fast but inaccurate due to the fact that it operates primarily on the basses of reflexive, innate cognitive biases and heuristics which work well on average, but fail in certain predictable ways.
Thaler and Sunstein build their central argument upon the deceptively simple observation that; the way in which choices are presented effects the choices that people make.
Thaler and Sunstein refer to people that design menus of choices as "choice architects" e. Nudges are little design tweaks in the choosing environment that correct for those cognitive biases that reliably lead modern humans to make bad decisions.
Thaler and Sunstein advocate an approach to choice architecture, which they refer to as libertarian paternalism, that "nudges" consumers to make good choices without unnecessarily limiting their individual freedom.
For example, people who wish to become organ donors "opt in" to the organ donation program. Libertarian paternalism advocates making organ donation the default, unless people opt out, thereby raising life saving organ donation rates, while still allowing individuals who object to opt out if they wish.
I have to say that there is something very attractive to me about this approach. It utilizes the powerful techniques of design, public relations and advertising, combined with the insights of psychology and other social sciences, to create choosing environments that result in lazy people like me making good or at least better choices.
I love the fact that you're still free to be a dick, but you have to work for it. Stewart as "the art of the nudge" sometimes referred to as micronudges.
It also gained a following among US and UK politicians, in the private sector and in public health. A nudge, as we will use the term, is any aspect of the choice architecture that alters people's behavior in a predictable way without forbidding any options or significantly changing their economic incentives.
To count as a mere nudge, the intervention must be easy and cheap to avoid. Nudges are not mandates.
Putting fruit at eye level counts as a nudge. Banning junk food does not. In this form, drawing on behavioral economics , the nudge is more generally applied to influence behaviour.
One of the most frequently cited examples of a nudge is the etching of the image of a housefly into the men's room urinals at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport, which is intended to "improve the aim".
A nudge makes it more likely that an individual will make a particular choice, or behave in a particular way, by altering the environment so that automatic cognitive processes are triggered to favour the desired outcome.
Nobel Laureate Daniel Kahneman describes two distinct systems for processing information as to why people sometimes act against their own self-interest: System 1 is fast, automatic, and highly susceptible to environmental influences; System 2 processing is slow, reflective, and takes into account explicit goals and intentions.
Nudging techniques aim to use judgmental heuristics to the advantage of the party creating the set of choices. In other words, a nudge alters the environment so that when heuristic, or System 1, decision-making is used, the resulting choice will be the most positive or desired outcome.
Nudges are small changes in environment that are easy and inexpensive to implement. A default option is the option an individual automatically receives if he or she does nothing.
People are more likely to choose a particular option if it is the default option. A social proof heuristic refers to the tendency for individuals to look at the behavior of other people to help guide their own behavior.
Studies have found some success in using social proof heuristics to nudge individuals to make healthier food choices. As an example, in snack shops at train stations in the Netherlands, consumers purchased more fruit and healthy snack options when they were relocated next to the cash register.
Behavioral insights and nudges are currently used in many countries around the world. In , the United States appointed Sunstein, who helped develop the theory, as administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs.
Notable applications of nudge theory include the formation of the British Behavioural Insights Team in Both Prime Minister David Cameron and President Barack Obama sought to employ nudge theory to advance domestic policy goals during their terms.
In , the UK government of Boris Johnson decided to rely on nudge theory to fight the coronavirus pandemic. Nudge theory has also been applied to business management and corporate culture , such as in relation to health, safety and environment HSE and human resources.
Regarding its application to HSE, one of the primary goals of nudge is to achieve a "zero accident culture".
Leading Silicon Valley companies are forerunners in applying nudge theory in corporate setting. These companies are using nudges in various forms to increase productivity and happiness of employees.
Recently, further companies are gaining interest in using what is called "nudge management" to improve the productivity of their white-collar workers.
Lately, the nudge theory has also been used in different ways to make health care professionals make more deliberate decisions in numerous areas.
For example, nudging has been used as a way to improve hand hygiene among health care workers to decrease the number of healthcare associated infections.
Nudging has also been criticised. Tammy Boyce, from public health foundation The King's Fund , has said: "We need to move away from short-term, politically motivated initiatives such as the 'nudging people' idea, which are not based on any good evidence and don't help people make long-term behaviour changes.
Her words gave me the nudge I needed to learn to bake. This incentive was a nudge in the right direction.
Could a small nudge help people make the right decision? The Prime Minister believed in the "nudge" - the theory that politicians should seek to influence , rather than simply dictate , behaviour.
He's a little shy , but with a nudge he will share some wonderful stories. My wife nudged me to tell me to get off the phone so that she could use it.
Shares in the company nudged higher while its competitors ' shares fell. Gold reacts to the smallest nudge of the US dollar.
Examples of nudge. Roughly speaking, life nudges the universe so as to allow light to circumnavigate the universe first in one direction, and then another.
From the Cambridge English Corpus. If teachers find themselves flagging or their students in a groove, this book could nudge them onto a new spiral.
These examples are from the Cambridge English Corpus and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.
But for all that, they fed increasing amounts of coffee to a thirsty international market, nudging past sugar by the early s.
A quantisation algorithm nudged each onset towards the closest quarter note, eighth note, or quarter note triplet.
Nevertheless, it may have been the gestural component that provided the initial nudge , as it were, toward a general dominance of the right hand.
Rather, the relation is likely to be probabilistic, a nudge rather than a push. Second, we have obtained evidence to suggest that marital and parent - child relationships can play a causal role in nudging the child along the path toward adaptation or dysfunction.
Protestants contribute to the deliberation about access when they nudge the analysis of moral notions in the direction of the story they love to tell and struggle to live.
Plausibility is maximized when we identify not just structural ambiguities that allow for reanalysis, but also extra-structural factors that nudge the interpretation in the direction of a particular analysis.
The attack on the private sector, moreover, nudged the state in the direction of politically motivated public-policy projects, which compelled it to look for increased sources of revenue.
How might we wisely nudge this future? Now the clock is in part to be nudged back: compulsory recognition of trade unions is to be reintroduced.
From the Hansard archive. Example from the Hansard archive.