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Niedersachsen Cdu

Dienstanbieter dieser Seite ist die CDU in Niedersachsen, vertreten durch den Landesvorsitzenden David McAllister MdEP. Inhaltlich Verantwortlicher gemäß 5​. Ministerpräsident blieb Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf. Auch bei der Landtagswahl blieb die SPD die stärkste Partei in Niedersachsen. Doch konnte sich die CDU. Wir sind die Niedersachsen-Union. Informieren Sie sich über unsere Ziele, Kontaktmöglichkeiten, Termine und aktuelle Meldungen.

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Dr. Bernd Althusmann zur neuen Düngeverordnung

Oldenburg, near the northwestern coastline, is another economic centre. The region in the northeast is called the Lüneburg Heath Lüneburger Heide , the largest heathland area of Germany and in medieval times wealthy due to salt mining and salt trade, as well as to a lesser degree the exploitation of its peat bogs until about the s.

Due to its gentle local climate and fertile soil, it is the state's largest area of fruit farming, its chief produce being apples.

Most of the state's territory was part of the historic Kingdom of Hanover ; the state of Lower Saxony has adopted the coat of arms and other symbols of the former kingdom.

It was created by the merger of the State of Hanover with three smaller states on 1 November Lower Saxony has a natural boundary in the north in the North Sea and the lower and middle reaches of the River Elbe , although parts of the city of Hamburg lie south of the Elbe.

The state and city of Bremen is an enclave entirely surrounded by Lower Saxony. To the southeast, the state border runs through the Harz, low mountains that are part of the German Central Uplands.

In northeast, Lower Saxony is Lüneburg Heath. The heath is dominated by the poor, sandy soils of the geest , whilst in the central east and southeast in the loess börde zone , productive soils with high natural fertility occur.

Under these conditions—with loam and sand -containing soils—the land is well-developed agriculturally. The state is dominated by several large rivers running northwards through the state: the Ems , Weser , Aller , and Elbe.

For other significant elevations see: List of mountains and hills in Lower Saxony. Most of the mountains and hills are found in the southeastern part of the state.

The lowest point in the state, at about 2. The state's economy, population, and infrastructure are centred on the cities and towns of Hanover, Stadthagen, Celle, Braunschweig, Wolfsburg, Hildesheim, and Salzgitter.

Lower Saxony has clear regional divisions that manifest themselves geographically, as well as historically and culturally. In the regions that used to be independent, especially the heartlands of the former states of Brunswick , Hanover , Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe , a marked local regional awareness exists.

By contrast, the areas surrounding the Hanseatic cities of Bremen and Hamburg are much more oriented towards those centres.

Sometimes, overlaps and transition areas happen between the various regions of Lower Saxony. Several of the regions listed here are part of other, larger regions, that are also included in the list.

Lower Saxony falls climatically into the north temperate zone of central Europe that is affected by prevailing Westerlies and is located in a transition zone between the maritime climate of Western Europe and the continental climate of Eastern Europe.

This transition is clearly noticeable within the state: whilst the northwest experiences an Atlantic North Sea coastal to Sub-Atlantic climate, with comparatively low variations in temperature during the course of the year and a surplus water budget, the climate towards the southeast is increasingly affected by the Continent.

This is clearly shown by greater temperature variations between the summer and winter halves of the year and in lower and more variable amounts of precipitation across the year.

This sub-continental effect is most sharply seen in the Wendland, in the Weser Uplands Hamelin to Göttingen and in the area of Helmstedt.

The highest levels of precipitation are experienced in the Harz because the Lower Saxon part forms the windward side of this mountain range against which orographic rain falls.

Lower Saxony is divided into 37 districts Landkreise or simply Kreise :. On 1 November the districts of Osterode and Göttingen were merged under the name Göttingen, not influencing the city's special status.

The name of Saxony derives from that of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons. Before the late medieval period, there was a single Duchy of Saxony.

The term "Lower Saxony" was used after the dissolution of the stem duchy in the late 13th century to disambiguate the parts of the former duchy ruled by the House of Welf from the Electorate of Saxony on one hand, and from the Duchy of Westphalia on the other.

The name and coat of arms of the present state go back to the Germanic tribe of Saxons. During the Migration Period some of the Saxon peoples left their homeland in Holstein about the 3rd century and pushed southwards over the Elbe, where they expanded into the sparsely populated regions in the rest of the lowlands, in the present-day Northwest Germany and the northeastern part of what is now the Netherlands.

From about the 7th century the Saxons had occupied a settlement area that roughly corresponds to the present state of Lower Saxony, of Westphalia and a number of areas to the east, for example, in what is now west and north Saxony-Anhalt.

The Frisians had not moved into this region; for centuries they preserved their independence in the most northwesterly region of the present-day Lower Saxon territory.

The original language of the folk in the area of Old Saxony was West Low German , one of the varieties of language in the Low German dialect group.

The establishment of permanent boundaries between what later became Lower Saxony and Westphalia began in the 12th century.

In , in a treaty between the Archbishopric of Cologne and the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg the lands claimed by the two territories were separated from each other.

The northern part of the Weser-Ems region was placed under the rule of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The word Niedersachsen was first used before in a Dutch rhyming chronicle Reimchronik.

At the same time a distinction was made with the eastern part of the old Saxon lands from the central German principalities later called Upper Saxony for dynastic reasons.

The close historical links between the domains of the Lower Saxon Circle now in modern Lower Saxony survived for centuries especially from a dynastic point of view.

The majority of historic territories whose land now lies within Lower Saxony were sub-principalities of the medieval, Welf estates of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

All the Welf princes called themselves dukes "of Brunswick and Lüneburg" despite often ruling parts of a duchy that was forever being divided and reunited as various Welf lines multiplied or died out.

Over the course of time two great principalities survived east of the Weser: the Kingdom of Hanover and the Duchy of Brunswick after Hanover became a Prussian province ; after Brunswick became a free state.

Historically a close tie exists between the royal house of Hanover Electorate of Hanover to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland as a result of their personal union in the 18th century.

West of the River Hunte a "de-Westphalianising process" began in [7] After the Congress of Vienna the territories of the later administrative regions Regierungsbezirke of Osnabrück and Aurich transferred to the Kingdom of Hanover.

This indicates that at that time the western administrations of the Prussian Province of Hanover and the state of Oldenburg were perceived as being "Lower Saxon".

The forerunners of today's state of Lower Saxony were lands that were geographically and, to some extent, institutionally interrelated from very early on.

The County of Schaumburg not to be confused with the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe around the towns of Rinteln and Hessisch Oldendorf did indeed belong to the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau until , a province that also included large parts of the present state of Hesse, including the cities of Kassel , Wiesbaden and Frankfurt am Main ; but in , however, the County of Schaumburg became part of the Prussian Province of Hanover.

Also before , namely , the city of Cuxhaven has been fully integrated into the Prussian Province of Hanover by the Greater Hamburg Act , so that in , when the state of Lower Saxony was founded, only four states needed to be merged.

With the exception of Bremen and the areas that were ceded to the Soviet Occupation Zone in , all those areas allocated to the new state of Lower Saxony in , had already been merged into the "Constituency Association of Lower Saxony" in In a lecture on 14 September , Dietmar von Reeken described the emergence of a "Lower Saxony consciousness" in the 19th century, the geographical basis of which was used to invent a territorial construct: the resulting local heritage societies Heimatvereine and their associated magazines routinely used the terms "Lower Saxony" or "Lower Saxon" in their names.

At the end of the s in the context of discussions about a reform of the Reich, and promoted by the expanding local heritage movement Heimatbewegung , a year conflict started between "Lower Saxony" and "Westphalia".

The supporters of this dispute were administrative officials and politicians, but regionally focussed scientists of various disciplines were supposed to have fuelled the arguments.

In the s, a real Lower Saxony did not yet exist, but there was a plethora of institutions that would have called themselves "Lower Saxon".

The motives and arguments in the disputes between "Lower Saxony" and "Westphalia" were very similar on both sides: economic interests, political aims, cultural interests and historical aspects.

Its minister president, Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf , had already suggested in June the formation of a state of Lower Saxony, that was to include the largest possible region in the middle of the British Zone.

In addition to the regions that actually became Lower Saxony subsequently, Kopf asked, in a memorandum dated April , for the inclusion of the former Prussian district of Minden-Ravensberg i.

The strong Welf connotations of this draft, according to Thomas Vogtherr, did not simplify the development of a Lower Saxon identity after An alternative model, proposed by politicians in Oldenburg and Brunswick, envisaged the foundation of the independent state of "Weser-Ems", that would be formed from the state of Oldenburg, the Hanseatic City of Bremen and the administrative regions of Aurich and Osnabrück.

Several representatives of the state of Oldenburg even demanded the inclusion of the Hanoverian districts of Diepholz , Syke , Osterholz-Scharmbeck and Wesermünde in the proposed state of "Weser-Ems".

Likewise an enlarged State of Brunswick was proposed in the southeast to include the Regierungsbezirk of Hildesheim and the district of Gifhorn.

Had this plan come to fruition, the territory of the present Lower Saxony would have consisted of three states of roughly equal size.

If the State of Oldenburg was to be dissolved, Vechta District would much rather be included in the Westphalian region.

Since the foundation of the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Hanover on 23 August the northern and eastern border of North Rhine-Westphalia has largely been identical with that of the Prussian Province of Westphalia.

In the end, at the meeting of the Zone Advisory Board on 20 September , Kopf's proposal with regard to the division of the British occupation zone into three large states proved to be capable of gaining a majority.

But there were exceptions:. The demands of Dutch politicians that the Netherlands should be given the German regions east of the Dutch-German border as war reparations , were roundly rejected at the London Conference of 26 March In fact only about 1.

The first Lower Saxon parliament or Landtag met on 9 December It was not elected; rather it was established by the British Occupation Administration a so-called "appointed parliament".

That same day the parliament elected the Social Democrat , Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf , the former Hanoverian president Regierungspräsident as their first minister president.

Kopf led a five-party coalition, whose basic task was to rebuild a state afflicted by the war's rigours.

Kopf's cabinet had to organise an improvement of food supplies and the reconstruction of the cities and towns destroyed by Allied air raids during the war years.

Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf remained — interrupted by the time in office of Heinrich Hellwege — — as the head of government in Lower Saxony until The greatest problem facing the first state government in the immediate post-war years was the challenge of integrating hundreds of thousands of refugees from Germany's former territories in the east such as Silesia and East Prussia , which had been annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union.

Lower Saxony was at the western end of the direct escape route from East Prussia and had the longest border with the Soviet Zone. On 3 October Lower Saxony took over the sponsorship of the very large number of refugees from Silesia.

In there was still a shortage of , homes according to official figures. During the period when Germany was divided, the Lower Saxon border crossing at Helmstedt found itself on the main transport artery to West Berlin and, from to was the busiest European border crossing point.

Of economic significance for the state was the Volkswagen concern, that restarted the production of civilian vehicles in , initially under British management, and in transferred into the ownership of the newly founded country of West Germany and state of Lower Saxony.

Overall, Lower Saxony, with its large tracts of rural countryside and few urban centres, was one of the industrially weaker regions of the federal republic for a long time.

Even in economically prosperous times the jobless totals in Lower Saxony are constantly higher than the federal average.

He was replaced in by Alfred Kubel. The arguments about the Gorleben Nuclear Waste Repository , that began during the time in office of minister president Ernst Albrecht — , have played an important role in state and federal politics since the end of the s.

In Gerhard Schröder entered the office of minister president. It enables referenda and plebiscites and establishes environmental protection as a fundamental state principle.

From these parishes the new municipality of Amt Neuhaus was created on 1 October Because he had been linked with various scandals in his home city of Brunswick, he resigned in and was replaced by Sigmar Gabriel.

After the elections on 20 January McAllister was deselected. Between and , the state's districts and independent towns were grouped into eight regions, with different status for the two regions Verwaltungsbezirke comprising the formerly free states of Brunswick and Oldenburg.

In the regions were merged into four governorates Regierungsbezirke : Since the Bezirksregierungen regional governments have been broken up again.

On 1 January the four administrative regions or governorates Regierungsbezirke , into which Lower Saxony had been hitherto divided, were dissolved.

The According to the archaeozoologist Ivo Verheijen, 6. Researchers also uncovered two long bones and 30 small flint flakes that were used as tools for knapping among the elephant bones.

Jordi Serangeli. At the end of , there were almost Religion in Lower Saxony Census : [22]. The census stated that a majority of the population were Christians As of , the Evangelical Church in Germany was the faith of Together, these member churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany gather a substantial part of the Protestant population in Germany.

The Catholic Church was the faith of The Catholic faith is mainly concentrated to the regions of Oldenburger Münsterland, region of Osnabrück, region of Hildesheim and in the Western Eichsfeld.

The Gross domestic product GDP of the state was Agriculture, strongly weighted towards the livestock sector, has always been a very important economic factor in the state.

The north and northwest of Lower Saxony are mainly made up of coarse sandy soil that makes crop farming difficult and therefore grassland and cattle farming are more prevalent in those areas.

Towards the south and southeast, extensive loess layers in the soil left behind by the last ice age allow high-yield crop farming.

Brunkhorst, Angelika. Döring, Patrick. Bracht-Bendt, Nicole. Bernschneider, Florian. Tören, Serkan. Knopek, Lutz. Ratjen-Damerau, Christiane.

Dehm-Desoi, Jörg-Diether. Dittrich, Heidrun. Schui, Herbert. Krellmann, Jutta. Behrens, Herbert. Pothmer, Brigitte. Trittin, Jürgen.

Steiner, Dorothea. Hoppe, Thilo. Kindler, Sven-Christian. Sieling, Carsten. Beckmeyer, Uwe. Staffeldt, Torsten. Beck, Marieluise.

Stübgen, Michael. Reiche, Katherina. Ziegler, Dagmar. Steinmeier, Frank-Walter. Wicklein, Andrea. Danckert, Dr.

Lanfermann, Heinz. Neumann, Martin. Stüber, Sabine. Enkelmann, Dagmar. Tackmann, Kirsten. Golze, Diana. Behm, Cornelia.

Behrens, Manfred. Petzold, Ulrich. Bergner, Christoph. Wolff, Waltrud. Lischka, Burkhard. Schmidt, Sylvia.

Pieper, Cornelia. Ackermann, Jens. Kunert, Katrin. Hein, Rosemarie. Korte, Jan. Koch, Harald. Kurth, Undine. Wellmann, Karl-Georg. Luczak, Jan-Marco.

Vogelsang, Stefanie. Grütters, Monika. Merkel, Petra. Thierse, Wolfgang. Rawert, Mechthild. Lindner, Martin.

Lindemann, Lars. Königshaus, Hellmut. Krestel, Holger. Liebich, Stefan. Lötzsch, Gesine. Wawzyniak, Halina. Ströbele, Hans-Christian.

Künast, Renate. Wieland, Wolfgang. Paus, Elisabeth. Henke, Rudolf. Dautzenberg, Leo. Zylajew, Willi. Paul, Michael. Winkelmeier-Becker, Elisabeth.

Röttgen, Norbert. Flosbach, Klaus-Peter. Bosbach, Wolfgang. Hardt, Jürgen. Beyer, Peter. Jarzombek, Thomas. Philipp, Beatrix. Gröhe, Hermann.

Krings, Günter. Heveling, Ansgar. Pofalla, Ronald. Weiss, Sabine. Röring, Johannes. Schiewerling, Karl. Jasper, Dieter. Polenz, Ruprecht.

Sendker, Reinhold. Brinkhaus, Ralph. Strothmann, Lena. Kampeter, Steffen. Herrmann, Jürgen. Linnemann, Carsten.

Schulte-Drüggelte, Bernhard. Sensburg, Patrick. Heider, Matthias. Lammert, Norbert. Heinen-Esser, Ursula.

Fischbach, Ingrid. Dött, Marie-Luise. Brauksiepe, Ralf. Fritz, Erich. Caesar, Cajus. Hüppe, Hubert. Dörmann, Martin. Mützenich, Rolf.

Kelber, Ulrich. Lauterbach, Karl. Zöllmer, Manfred. Ehrmand, Siegmund. Pflug, Johannes. Groschek, Michael. Schaaf, Anton. Hempelmann, Rolf.

Schwabe, Frank. Gerdes, Michael. Schwartze, Stefan. Becker, Dirk. Humme, Christel. Schäfer, Axel. Bollmann, Gerd. Bülow, Marco. Burchardt, Ursula.

Kaczmarek, Oliver. Wiefelspütz, Dieter. Freitag, Dagmar. Müntefering, Franz. Schwall-Düren, Angelica.

Steinbrück, Peer. Brandner, Klaus. Strässer, Christoph. Hendricks, Barbara. Arndt-Brauer, Ingrid. Dietmar Nietan. Crone, Petra. Scheelen, Bernd.

Griese, Kerstin. Hellmich, Wolfgang. Westerwelle, Guido. Piltz, Gisela. Kopp, Gudrun. Flach, Ulrike. Lindner, Christian.

Kauch, Michael. Schäffler, Frank. Friedhoff, Paul. Djir-Sarai, Bijan. Müller, Petra. Daub, Helga. Vogel, Johannes. Bögel, Claudia. Molitor, Helga.

Kamp, Heiner. Buschmann, Marco. Todtenhausen, Manfred. Ehrenberg, Hans-Werner. Lötzer, Ursula.

Jelpke, Ursula. Schäfer, Paul. Wagenknecht, Sahra. Movassat, Niema. Remmers, Ingrid. Birkwald, Matthias.

Vogler, Kathrin. Höhn, Bärbel. Beck, Volker. Schmidt, Frithjof. Dörner, Katja. Kurth, Markus. Koczy, Ute. Krischer, Oliver. Müller, Kerstin.

Klein-Schmeink, Maria. Ott, Hermann. Herlitzius, Bettina. Ostendorff, Friedrich. Kolbe, Manfred. Landgraf, Barbara. Kretschmer, Michael.

Brähmig, Klaus. Lämmel, Andreas. Bellmann, Veronika. Heinrich, Frank. Wanderwitz, Marco. Baumann, Helmut. Luther, Michael.

Hochbaum, Robert. Tiefensee, Wolfgang. Volkmer, Eva. Schwanitz, Rolf. Kolbe, Daniela. Gunkel, Wolfgang. Mücke, Jan. Günther, Joachim.

Haustein, Heinz-Peter. Deutschmann, Reiner. Kipping, Katja. Höll, Barbara. Seifert, Ilja. Zimmermann, Sabine. Leutert, Michael.

Wunderlich, Jörn. Kühn, Stephan. Pfeiffer, Sibylle. Brand, Michael. Haibach, Holger-Heinrich. Puttrich, Lucia.

Willsch, Klaus-Peter. Schröder, Kristina. Riesenhuber, Heinz. Zimmer, Matthias. Steinbach, Erika. Jung, Franz Josef. Wichtel, Peter.

Meister, Michael. Heiderich, Helmut. Gottschalck, Ulrike. Roth, Michael. Franke, Edgar. Bartol, Sören. Zypries, Brigitte. Wieczorek-Zeul, Heidemarie.

Veit, Rüdiger. Lambrecht, Christine. Reichenbach, Gerold. Gerhardt, Wolfgang. Kolb, Heinrich. Otto, Hans-Joachim.

Dyckmans, Mechthild. Ruppert, Stefan. Sänger, Björn. Schnurr, Christoph. Leidig, Sabine. Gehrcke-Reymann, Wolfgang. Buchholz, Christine.

Dreibus, Werner. Hinz, Priska. Nouripour, Omid. Maisch, Nicole. Koenigs, Thomas. Wagner, Daniela. Strengmann-Kuhn, Wolfgang.

Hirte, Christian. Selle, Johannes. Schipanski, Tankred. Tillmann, Antje. Stauche, Carola.

Schneider, Carsten. Gleicke, Iris. Lemme, Steffen-Claudio. Kurth, Patrick. Röhlinger, Peter. Lenkert, Ralph. Petermann, Jens.

Jochimsen, Lukrezia. Naumann, Kersten. Tempel, Frank. Göring-Eckardt, Katrin. Rüddel, Erwin. Heil, Mechthild.

Fuchs, Michael. Klöckner, Julia. Schnieder, Patrick. Kaster, Bernhard. Hörster, Joachim. Granold, Ute. Böhmer, Maria.

Schindler, Norbert. Schäfer, Anita. Gebhart, Thomas. Hagemann, Klaus. Herzog, Gustav.

Ziehung von Hauptpreisen der Tombola. Kontakt Dr. Das Parteiengesetz von verlieh diesem Versuch die notwendige Dringlichkeit. Der am 7. Natürlich gibt es auch noch etwas zu gewinnen: Bei unserer Tombola winken attraktive Preise! Zum neuen Vorsitzenden der Landtagsfraktion wurde der bisherige Fraktionsgeschäftsführer Björn Thümler gewählt. Zwischendurch wollen wir unsere Gäste auch professionell verzaubern. Juni [1]. Die Gründung des Landesverbandes Oldenburg erfolgte am Im Vorfeld der 2. Neuer Ministerpräsident click at this page Gerhard Schröder. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg waren zunächst die früheren Länder Braunschweig, Oldenburg und Schaumburg-Lippe sowie link Provinz Hannover mit jeweils eigenen parlamentarischen Körperschaften wiedererstanden.

Niedersachsen Cdu Tag der offenen Tür bei der CDU-Fraktion

Juni eine erste Vereinbarung. Oktober die Zulassung der CDU. Weiterführende Informationen Mitwirkende Blood Moon Tag der offenen Tür Alle Mitwirkenden sind für ihre Beiträge selbst verantwortlich, Änderungen sind vorbehalten. Niedersächsische Landesregierung check this out die Landesvertretung in Berlin. Februar wurde Albrecht mit Stimmen aus der alten Regierungskoalition zum neuen Ministerpräsidenten gewählt. Oktober in Goslar. TalanxHannover Read article. Müntefering, Franz. The Catholic faith is mainly concentrated to the regions of Oldenburger Münsterland, region of Osnabrück, region of Hildesheim and in the Western Eichsfeld. Friedrich, Hans-Peter. Despite decades of gradual downsizing and restructuring, the car maker Volkswagen with its five production plants within the state's borders still remains the single biggest private-sector employer, its world headquarters in Wolfsburg. Retrieved 18 SelbststГ¤ndig Verdienst Tierarzt Hamburger Abendblatt see more German. Krichbaum, Gunther. Müller, Gerd. Herlitzius, Bettina.

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More info von Hauptpreisen der Tombola. November u. Während der Parteiaufbau in Südoldenburg schnell erfolgte und die Partei auch bald nennenswerte Mitgliederzahlen erreichte, war die Situation im evangelischen Nordoldenburg schwerer. Die Kabinettsmitglieder stehen überdies für Bürgersprechstunden zur Verfügung. FC Landtag. Mit dem früheren Kultusminister Bernd Althusmann wählte der Landesparteitag am November Qusar Gaming Mit dem früheren Kultusminister Bernd Althusmann wählte der Landesparteitag am März in Oldenburg. Neben dem Zentralausschuss wurden noch eine gemeinsame Landesleitung, ein Zentralvorstand und ein gemeinsamer Parteitag aller Landesverbände geschaffen, der sich je zur Hälfte aus gewählten und aus Delegierten kraft Amtes zusammensetzte. Dezember in Hannover zusammen. Oktober in Goslar. Am Nachmittag wird es dann sportlich bei uns im Fraktionssaal. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg waren zunächst die früheren Länder Braunschweig, Oldenburg und Schaumburg-Lippe sowie die Provinz Hannover mit jeweils eigenen parlamentarischen Körperschaften wiedererstanden. Im evangelischen Braunschweig waren die Voraussetzungen für die Union nicht so günstig, wie in den katholischen Final, Casinoclub Com certainly. Bereits kurz nach der Zulassung von Parteien durch die britische Militärregierung am Um die Vernetzung der Landesebene mit der Bundes- und der Europapolitik zu erläutern, freuen wir uns auf den Besuch von Staatsminister Dr.

This transition is clearly noticeable within the state: whilst the northwest experiences an Atlantic North Sea coastal to Sub-Atlantic climate, with comparatively low variations in temperature during the course of the year and a surplus water budget, the climate towards the southeast is increasingly affected by the Continent.

This is clearly shown by greater temperature variations between the summer and winter halves of the year and in lower and more variable amounts of precipitation across the year.

This sub-continental effect is most sharply seen in the Wendland, in the Weser Uplands Hamelin to Göttingen and in the area of Helmstedt.

The highest levels of precipitation are experienced in the Harz because the Lower Saxon part forms the windward side of this mountain range against which orographic rain falls.

Lower Saxony is divided into 37 districts Landkreise or simply Kreise :. On 1 November the districts of Osterode and Göttingen were merged under the name Göttingen, not influencing the city's special status.

The name of Saxony derives from that of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons. Before the late medieval period, there was a single Duchy of Saxony.

The term "Lower Saxony" was used after the dissolution of the stem duchy in the late 13th century to disambiguate the parts of the former duchy ruled by the House of Welf from the Electorate of Saxony on one hand, and from the Duchy of Westphalia on the other.

The name and coat of arms of the present state go back to the Germanic tribe of Saxons. During the Migration Period some of the Saxon peoples left their homeland in Holstein about the 3rd century and pushed southwards over the Elbe, where they expanded into the sparsely populated regions in the rest of the lowlands, in the present-day Northwest Germany and the northeastern part of what is now the Netherlands.

From about the 7th century the Saxons had occupied a settlement area that roughly corresponds to the present state of Lower Saxony, of Westphalia and a number of areas to the east, for example, in what is now west and north Saxony-Anhalt.

The Frisians had not moved into this region; for centuries they preserved their independence in the most northwesterly region of the present-day Lower Saxon territory.

The original language of the folk in the area of Old Saxony was West Low German , one of the varieties of language in the Low German dialect group.

The establishment of permanent boundaries between what later became Lower Saxony and Westphalia began in the 12th century.

In , in a treaty between the Archbishopric of Cologne and the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg the lands claimed by the two territories were separated from each other.

The northern part of the Weser-Ems region was placed under the rule of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The word Niedersachsen was first used before in a Dutch rhyming chronicle Reimchronik.

At the same time a distinction was made with the eastern part of the old Saxon lands from the central German principalities later called Upper Saxony for dynastic reasons.

The close historical links between the domains of the Lower Saxon Circle now in modern Lower Saxony survived for centuries especially from a dynastic point of view.

The majority of historic territories whose land now lies within Lower Saxony were sub-principalities of the medieval, Welf estates of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

All the Welf princes called themselves dukes "of Brunswick and Lüneburg" despite often ruling parts of a duchy that was forever being divided and reunited as various Welf lines multiplied or died out.

Over the course of time two great principalities survived east of the Weser: the Kingdom of Hanover and the Duchy of Brunswick after Hanover became a Prussian province ; after Brunswick became a free state.

Historically a close tie exists between the royal house of Hanover Electorate of Hanover to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland as a result of their personal union in the 18th century.

West of the River Hunte a "de-Westphalianising process" began in [7] After the Congress of Vienna the territories of the later administrative regions Regierungsbezirke of Osnabrück and Aurich transferred to the Kingdom of Hanover.

This indicates that at that time the western administrations of the Prussian Province of Hanover and the state of Oldenburg were perceived as being "Lower Saxon".

The forerunners of today's state of Lower Saxony were lands that were geographically and, to some extent, institutionally interrelated from very early on.

The County of Schaumburg not to be confused with the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe around the towns of Rinteln and Hessisch Oldendorf did indeed belong to the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau until , a province that also included large parts of the present state of Hesse, including the cities of Kassel , Wiesbaden and Frankfurt am Main ; but in , however, the County of Schaumburg became part of the Prussian Province of Hanover.

Also before , namely , the city of Cuxhaven has been fully integrated into the Prussian Province of Hanover by the Greater Hamburg Act , so that in , when the state of Lower Saxony was founded, only four states needed to be merged.

With the exception of Bremen and the areas that were ceded to the Soviet Occupation Zone in , all those areas allocated to the new state of Lower Saxony in , had already been merged into the "Constituency Association of Lower Saxony" in In a lecture on 14 September , Dietmar von Reeken described the emergence of a "Lower Saxony consciousness" in the 19th century, the geographical basis of which was used to invent a territorial construct: the resulting local heritage societies Heimatvereine and their associated magazines routinely used the terms "Lower Saxony" or "Lower Saxon" in their names.

At the end of the s in the context of discussions about a reform of the Reich, and promoted by the expanding local heritage movement Heimatbewegung , a year conflict started between "Lower Saxony" and "Westphalia".

The supporters of this dispute were administrative officials and politicians, but regionally focussed scientists of various disciplines were supposed to have fuelled the arguments.

In the s, a real Lower Saxony did not yet exist, but there was a plethora of institutions that would have called themselves "Lower Saxon".

The motives and arguments in the disputes between "Lower Saxony" and "Westphalia" were very similar on both sides: economic interests, political aims, cultural interests and historical aspects.

Its minister president, Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf , had already suggested in June the formation of a state of Lower Saxony, that was to include the largest possible region in the middle of the British Zone.

In addition to the regions that actually became Lower Saxony subsequently, Kopf asked, in a memorandum dated April , for the inclusion of the former Prussian district of Minden-Ravensberg i.

The strong Welf connotations of this draft, according to Thomas Vogtherr, did not simplify the development of a Lower Saxon identity after An alternative model, proposed by politicians in Oldenburg and Brunswick, envisaged the foundation of the independent state of "Weser-Ems", that would be formed from the state of Oldenburg, the Hanseatic City of Bremen and the administrative regions of Aurich and Osnabrück.

Several representatives of the state of Oldenburg even demanded the inclusion of the Hanoverian districts of Diepholz , Syke , Osterholz-Scharmbeck and Wesermünde in the proposed state of "Weser-Ems".

Likewise an enlarged State of Brunswick was proposed in the southeast to include the Regierungsbezirk of Hildesheim and the district of Gifhorn.

Had this plan come to fruition, the territory of the present Lower Saxony would have consisted of three states of roughly equal size.

If the State of Oldenburg was to be dissolved, Vechta District would much rather be included in the Westphalian region.

Since the foundation of the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Hanover on 23 August the northern and eastern border of North Rhine-Westphalia has largely been identical with that of the Prussian Province of Westphalia.

In the end, at the meeting of the Zone Advisory Board on 20 September , Kopf's proposal with regard to the division of the British occupation zone into three large states proved to be capable of gaining a majority.

But there were exceptions:. The demands of Dutch politicians that the Netherlands should be given the German regions east of the Dutch-German border as war reparations , were roundly rejected at the London Conference of 26 March In fact only about 1.

The first Lower Saxon parliament or Landtag met on 9 December It was not elected; rather it was established by the British Occupation Administration a so-called "appointed parliament".

That same day the parliament elected the Social Democrat , Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf , the former Hanoverian president Regierungspräsident as their first minister president.

Kopf led a five-party coalition, whose basic task was to rebuild a state afflicted by the war's rigours. Kopf's cabinet had to organise an improvement of food supplies and the reconstruction of the cities and towns destroyed by Allied air raids during the war years.

Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf remained — interrupted by the time in office of Heinrich Hellwege — — as the head of government in Lower Saxony until The greatest problem facing the first state government in the immediate post-war years was the challenge of integrating hundreds of thousands of refugees from Germany's former territories in the east such as Silesia and East Prussia , which had been annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union.

Lower Saxony was at the western end of the direct escape route from East Prussia and had the longest border with the Soviet Zone.

On 3 October Lower Saxony took over the sponsorship of the very large number of refugees from Silesia. In there was still a shortage of , homes according to official figures.

During the period when Germany was divided, the Lower Saxon border crossing at Helmstedt found itself on the main transport artery to West Berlin and, from to was the busiest European border crossing point.

Of economic significance for the state was the Volkswagen concern, that restarted the production of civilian vehicles in , initially under British management, and in transferred into the ownership of the newly founded country of West Germany and state of Lower Saxony.

Overall, Lower Saxony, with its large tracts of rural countryside and few urban centres, was one of the industrially weaker regions of the federal republic for a long time.

Even in economically prosperous times the jobless totals in Lower Saxony are constantly higher than the federal average. He was replaced in by Alfred Kubel.

The arguments about the Gorleben Nuclear Waste Repository , that began during the time in office of minister president Ernst Albrecht — , have played an important role in state and federal politics since the end of the s.

In Gerhard Schröder entered the office of minister president. It enables referenda and plebiscites and establishes environmental protection as a fundamental state principle.

From these parishes the new municipality of Amt Neuhaus was created on 1 October Because he had been linked with various scandals in his home city of Brunswick, he resigned in and was replaced by Sigmar Gabriel.

After the elections on 20 January McAllister was deselected. Between and , the state's districts and independent towns were grouped into eight regions, with different status for the two regions Verwaltungsbezirke comprising the formerly free states of Brunswick and Oldenburg.

In the regions were merged into four governorates Regierungsbezirke : Since the Bezirksregierungen regional governments have been broken up again.

On 1 January the four administrative regions or governorates Regierungsbezirke , into which Lower Saxony had been hitherto divided, were dissolved.

The According to the archaeozoologist Ivo Verheijen, 6. Researchers also uncovered two long bones and 30 small flint flakes that were used as tools for knapping among the elephant bones.

Jordi Serangeli. At the end of , there were almost Religion in Lower Saxony Census : [22]. The census stated that a majority of the population were Christians As of , the Evangelical Church in Germany was the faith of Together, these member churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany gather a substantial part of the Protestant population in Germany.

The Catholic Church was the faith of The Catholic faith is mainly concentrated to the regions of Oldenburger Münsterland, region of Osnabrück, region of Hildesheim and in the Western Eichsfeld.

The Gross domestic product GDP of the state was Agriculture, strongly weighted towards the livestock sector, has always been a very important economic factor in the state.

The north and northwest of Lower Saxony are mainly made up of coarse sandy soil that makes crop farming difficult and therefore grassland and cattle farming are more prevalent in those areas.

Towards the south and southeast, extensive loess layers in the soil left behind by the last ice age allow high-yield crop farming. One of the principal crops there is sugar beet.

Consequently, the Land has a big food industry, mainly organized in small and medium-sized enterprises SME. Mining has also been an important source of income in Lower Saxony for centuries.

Silver ore became a foundation of notable economic prosperity in the Harz Mountains as early as the 12th century, while iron mining in the Salzgitter area and salt mining in various areas of the state became another important economic backbone.

Although overall yields are comparatively low, Lower Saxony is also an important supplier of crude oil in the European Union.

Mineral products still mined today include iron and lignite. Radioactive waste is frequently transported in the area to the city of Salzgitter , for the deep geological repository Schacht Konrad and between Schacht Asse II in the Wolfenbüttel district and Lindwedel and Höfer.

Manufacturing is another large part of the regional economy. Despite decades of gradual downsizing and restructuring, the car maker Volkswagen with its five production plants within the state's borders still remains the single biggest private-sector employer, its world headquarters in Wolfsburg.

Due to the Volkswagen Law , which has recently been ruled illegal by the European Union 's high court, the state of Lower Saxony is still the second largest shareholder, owning Meyer Werft , biotechnology , and steel.

Medicine plays a major role: Hanover and Göttingen have two large University Medical Schools and hospitals and Otto Bock in Duderstadt is the word leader in prosthetics.

The service sector has gained importance following the demise of manufacturing in the s and s. Important branches today are the tourism industry with TUI AG in Hanover, one of Europe's largest travel companies, as well as trade and telecommunication.

Hanover is one of Germany's main location of insurance companies e. Talanx , Hannover Re. In October the unemployment rate stood at 5.

Lower Saxony has four World Heritage Sites. Michael's Church in Hildesheim. Upper Harz Water Regale. Lower Saxony was one of the origins of the German environmentalist movement in reaction to the state government's support for underground nuclear waste disposal.

This led to the formation of the German Green Party in Zylajew, Willi. Paul, Michael. Winkelmeier-Becker, Elisabeth.

Röttgen, Norbert. Flosbach, Klaus-Peter. Bosbach, Wolfgang. Hardt, Jürgen. Beyer, Peter. Jarzombek, Thomas.

Philipp, Beatrix. Gröhe, Hermann. Krings, Günter. Heveling, Ansgar. Pofalla, Ronald. Weiss, Sabine. Röring, Johannes.

Schiewerling, Karl. Jasper, Dieter. Polenz, Ruprecht. Sendker, Reinhold. Brinkhaus, Ralph. Strothmann, Lena. Kampeter, Steffen.

Herrmann, Jürgen. Linnemann, Carsten. Schulte-Drüggelte, Bernhard. Sensburg, Patrick. Heider, Matthias. Lammert, Norbert. Heinen-Esser, Ursula.

Fischbach, Ingrid. Dött, Marie-Luise. Brauksiepe, Ralf. Fritz, Erich. Caesar, Cajus. Hüppe, Hubert. Dörmann, Martin.

Mützenich, Rolf. Kelber, Ulrich. Lauterbach, Karl. Zöllmer, Manfred. Ehrmand, Siegmund. Pflug, Johannes. Groschek, Michael.

Schaaf, Anton. Hempelmann, Rolf. Schwabe, Frank. Gerdes, Michael. Schwartze, Stefan. Becker, Dirk. Humme, Christel. Schäfer, Axel. Bollmann, Gerd.

Bülow, Marco. Burchardt, Ursula. Kaczmarek, Oliver. Wiefelspütz, Dieter. Freitag, Dagmar.

Müntefering, Franz. Schwall-Düren, Angelica. Steinbrück, Peer. Brandner, Klaus. Strässer, Christoph.

Hendricks, Barbara. Arndt-Brauer, Ingrid. Dietmar Nietan. Crone, Petra. Scheelen, Bernd. Griese, Kerstin. Hellmich, Wolfgang. Westerwelle, Guido.

Piltz, Gisela. Kopp, Gudrun. Flach, Ulrike. Lindner, Christian. Kauch, Michael. Schäffler, Frank. Friedhoff, Paul.

Djir-Sarai, Bijan. Müller, Petra. Daub, Helga. Vogel, Johannes. Bögel, Claudia. Molitor, Helga. Kamp, Heiner. Buschmann, Marco. Todtenhausen, Manfred.

Ehrenberg, Hans-Werner. Lötzer, Ursula. Jelpke, Ursula. Schäfer, Paul. Wagenknecht, Sahra. Movassat, Niema. Remmers, Ingrid. Birkwald, Matthias.

Vogler, Kathrin. Höhn, Bärbel. Beck, Volker. Schmidt, Frithjof. Dörner, Katja. Kurth, Markus. Koczy, Ute. Krischer, Oliver.

Müller, Kerstin. Klein-Schmeink, Maria. Ott, Hermann. Herlitzius, Bettina. Ostendorff, Friedrich. Kolbe, Manfred. Landgraf, Barbara.

Kretschmer, Michael. Brähmig, Klaus. Lämmel, Andreas. Bellmann, Veronika. Heinrich, Frank. Wanderwitz, Marco.

Baumann, Helmut. Luther, Michael. Hochbaum, Robert. Tiefensee, Wolfgang. Volkmer, Eva. Schwanitz, Rolf. Kolbe, Daniela.

Gunkel, Wolfgang. Mücke, Jan. Günther, Joachim. Haustein, Heinz-Peter. Deutschmann, Reiner. Kipping, Katja. Höll, Barbara. Seifert, Ilja.

Zimmermann, Sabine. Leutert, Michael. Wunderlich, Jörn. Kühn, Stephan. Pfeiffer, Sibylle. Brand, Michael. Haibach, Holger-Heinrich. Puttrich, Lucia.

Willsch, Klaus-Peter. Schröder, Kristina. Riesenhuber, Heinz. Zimmer, Matthias. Steinbach, Erika. Jung, Franz Josef. Wichtel, Peter.

Meister, Michael. Heiderich, Helmut. Gottschalck, Ulrike. Roth, Michael. Franke, Edgar. Bartol, Sören. Zypries, Brigitte.

Wieczorek-Zeul, Heidemarie. Veit, Rüdiger. Lambrecht, Christine. Reichenbach, Gerold. Gerhardt, Wolfgang. Kolb, Heinrich. Otto, Hans-Joachim.

Dyckmans, Mechthild. Ruppert, Stefan. Sänger, Björn. Schnurr, Christoph. Leidig, Sabine. Gehrcke-Reymann, Wolfgang.

Buchholz, Christine. Dreibus, Werner. Hinz, Priska. Nouripour, Omid. Maisch, Nicole. Koenigs, Thomas. Wagner, Daniela. Strengmann-Kuhn, Wolfgang.

Hirte, Christian. Selle, Johannes. Schipanski, Tankred. Tillmann, Antje. Stauche, Carola. Schneider, Carsten.

Gleicke, Iris. Lemme, Steffen-Claudio. Kurth, Patrick. Röhlinger, Peter. Lenkert, Ralph. Petermann, Jens. Jochimsen, Lukrezia.

Naumann, Kersten. Tempel, Frank. Göring-Eckardt, Katrin. Rüddel, Erwin. Heil, Mechthild. Fuchs, Michael. Klöckner, Julia. Schnieder, Patrick.

Kaster, Bernhard. Hörster, Joachim. Granold, Ute. Böhmer, Maria. Schindler, Norbert. Schäfer, Anita.

Gebhart, Thomas. Hagemann, Klaus. Herzog, Gustav. Nahles, Andreas. Hartmann, Michael. Barnett, Doris.

Körper, Fritz. Bätzing, Sabine. Nink, Manfred. Brüderle, Rainer. Wissing, Volker. Geisen, Edmund. Höferlin, Manuel.

Ulrich, Alexander. Senger-Schäfer, Kathrin. Werner, Katrin. Höfken-Deipenbrock, Ulrike. Winkler, Josef Philip. Lindner, Tobias. Pronold, Florian.

Kastner, Susanne. Gloser, Günter. Ernstberger, Petra. Barthel, Klaus. Schieder, Marianne. Paula, Heinz. Graf, Angelika. Schurer, Ewald. Rupprecht, Marlene.

Hofmann, Frank. Kramme, Anette. Burkert, Martin. Fograscher, Gabriele. Schieder, Werner. Kofler, Bärbel. Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger, Sabine.

Stinner, Rainer. Meierhofer, Horst. Schuster, Marina. Volk, Daniel. Spatz, Joachim. Körber, Sebastian. Thomae, Stephan.

Lotter, Erwin. Breil, Klaus. Erdel, Rainer. Drexler, Gerhard. Bulling-Schröter, Eva. Möller, Kornelia.

Weinberg, Harald. Gohlke, Nicole. Fell, Hans-Josef. Scheel, Christine. Hofreiter, Anton. Deligöz, Ekin. Scharfenberg, Elisabeth.

Gambke, Thomas. Krumwiede, Agnes. Walter-Rosenheimer, Beate. Lehmer, Max. Obermeier, Franz. Hasselfeldt, Gerda. Brandl, Reinhard.

Singhammer, Johannes. Frankenhauser, Herbert. Gauweiler, Peter. Uhl, Hans-Peter. Raab, Daniela. Ramsauer, Peter. Dobrindt, Alexander.

Die 50 Abgeordneten der CDU-Landtagsfraktion in der Wahlperiode. Thomas Adasch. Wahlkreis 46 Celle-Hambühren-Wietze · Dr. Bernd Althusmann. CDU in Niedersachsen, Hannover, Germany. likes · talking about this. Offizielle Seite der CDU in Niedersachsen. Niedersachsen und bereichert durch musikalische Beiträge auf der Bühne. Nach der Programmeröffnung durch den CDU-Fraktionsvorsitzenden Dirk Toepffer. Ministerpräsident blieb Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf. Auch bei der Landtagswahl blieb die SPD die stärkste Partei in Niedersachsen. Doch konnte sich die CDU. Dienstanbieter dieser Seite ist die CDU in Niedersachsen, vertreten durch den Landesvorsitzenden David McAllister MdEP. Inhaltlich Verantwortlicher gemäß 5​. Niedersachsen Cdu

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